Scheda: Evento - Tipo: Culturale

Turin and women. Small and big stories from the Middle Ages to today - Civil and political commitment

"Turin and women". Section: Civil and political commitment.

Archivio Storico della Città di Torino, on display from October 6, 2021 to March 31, 2022.



Women's vote

In 1945 all main political parties, particularly DC (Christian Democracy Party - Alcide De Gasperi, leader), and PCI (Italian Communist Party - Palmiro Togliatti, leader), realized that they had to recognize the substantial  support of women to get the country free (Liberazione). Representatives of the Committee for Women’s Vote  and of the Italian Women’s Union (Udi) proposed a joint motion to the National Liberation Government (Governo di Liberazione Nazionale) asking to rule officially on women’s participation to the upcoming administrative elections. The Bonomi Act of February 1, 1945 accepted the proposal with few exceptions which, however, did not prevent all adult women from going to the polls.  Nevertheless, the law did not mention eligibility:  an additional act dated March 10, 1946 filled the gap.

In Italy the first administrative elections by universal suffrage were held starting from March 10, 1946, while  the political elections took place on June 2, 1946 (jointly to the Monarchy-Republic Nationwide Referendum).

People's assembly

The People’s assembly, a joint authority including duties both of the Board and the Town Council, took office soon after the Liberazione. This represented the first step to restore democracy in Turin. After the last administrative elections held on November 7, 1920 the Board was dissolved in July 1923; the members of the People’s Assembly included also three women: Ada Gobetti, Maria Perussono and Maria Savio.

Turin’s first really “free” and “universal” municipal elections took place on November 10, 1946: the City Council responsible for the appointment of the Mayor, replaced former Giovanni Roveda with Celeste Negarville.

The following women were elected: Clara Bovero (Pci - Communist Party), Fausta Giani (Psi - Socialist Party), Agnese Prandi (Pci), Camilla Ravera (Pci), Giuseppina Verdoja (Psi), while Elvira Pajetta (Pci) and Vera Pagella (Psi) led two council departments up to the administrative session expiry.



(Mostra a cura di Maura Baima, Luciana Manzo, Fulvio Peirone. Segreteria: Anna Braghieri. Progetto espositivo: Ottavio Sessa. Allestimento: Gisella Gervasio, Manuela Rondoni. Riproduzioni fotografiche: Giuseppe Toma, Enrico Vaio. Foto web: Deborah Sciamarella. Collaborazioni: Andrea D'Annibale, Massimo Francone, Omar Josè Nunez, Anna Maria Stratta. Per MuseoTorino: Caterina Calabrese, Surya Dubois Pallastrelli, Diletta Michelotto. Traduzioni: Surya Dubois Pallastrelli, Laura Zanasi).

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