Scheda: Evento - Tipo: Culturale

Turin and women. Small and big stories from the Middle Ages to today - Stories of persecution

"Turin and women". Section: Stories of persecution.

Archivio Storico della Città di Torino, on display from October 6, 2021 to March 31, 2022.




Servadio's family women

After the enactment of the racial laws in 1938, Gemma Servadio, a Jewish woman, decided to stay in the city with her ninety-year-old mother. Four of her 5 children emigrated; only the fourth child Lucio remained in Turin. Gemma and her mother on 2 December 1943 were translated to prisons "Nuove" and released nine days later; arrested again in Turin on May 23, 1944, they were transferred to Fossoli for about a month, during which Gemma sent eight letters to Turin acquaintances and friends, letters now preserved in the National Holocaust Museum in Washington. Nina and Gemma never returned to Turin: their lives were interrupted in Auschwitz-Birkenau on 30 June 1944.

Lucia Servadio, the eldest of Gemma's five children, after graduating in Medicine, in 1940 left Italy to move to Tangier, where she remained for 40 years, at the invitation of Dr. Shakin, Jewish too. A few months before her death, the doctor granted an interview to Olivia Fincato and Renato D 'Agostin which summarizes that phase of her life as follows: "Dr. Shakin asked if my husband [the doctor Nino Vittorio Bedarida] was willing to go and run a private clinic in the international zone of Tangier. Tangier at that time was administered together with Italy by Spain, Portugal, France, England, Belgium and Holland. The subjects of these nations could enter freely without the need for visas and exercise their professions there. A glimmer of light was opening up for us ... ». Lucia, a doctor, a woman, Jewish in a Muslim country, has helped anyone who needed her for years. She passed away in 2006 at her home in Cornwall-on-Hudson; her remains rest in the Turin cemetery.

Sandra Aloardi is the wife of Lucio Servadio, Gemma's fourth child who soon began her struggle against the regime, which was paid for at a high price: after having sheltered the family - his wife and son Gianmassimo, not even two years old - Lucio came locked up in the New prisons. He definitively joined the ranks of the Resistance after the arrest of his mother and grandmother. Lucio's wife, from Turin and Catholic, had a great 'fault' in the eyes of the regime: that of having married a Jew. Sandra fought for her ideals and, more concretely, for the liberation of Nina and Gemma; she raised her son in silence and supported her husband's choices by stubbornly staying on her side.



(Mostra a cura di Maura Baima, Luciana Manzo, Fulvio Peirone. Segreteria: Anna Braghieri. Progetto espositivo: Ottavio Sessa. Allestimento: Gisella Gervasio, Manuela Rondoni. Riproduzioni fotografiche: Giuseppe Toma, Enrico Vaio. Foto web: Deborah Sciamarella. Collaborazioni: Andrea D'Annibale, Massimo Francone, Omar Josè Nunez, Anna Maria Stratta. Per MuseoTorino: Caterina Calabrese, Surya Dubois Pallastrelli, Diletta Michelotto. Traduzioni: Surya Dubois Pallastrelli, Laura Zanasi).

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